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Association of Topoisomerase II (TOP2A) and Dual-Specificity Phosphatase 6 (DUSP6) Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms with Radiation Treatment Response and Prognosis of Lung Cancer in Han Chinese

Tian-Lu Wang, Yang-Wu Ren, He-Tong Wang, Hong Yu, Yu-Xia Zhao

(Department of Radiotherapy Oncology, The Fourth Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, Liaoning, China (mainland))

Med Sci Monit 2017; 23:984-993

DOI: 10.12659/MSM.899060


BACKGROUND: Mutations of DNA topoisomerase II (TOP2A) are associated with chemotherapy resistance, whereas dual-specificity phosphatase 6 (DUSP6) negatively regulates members of the mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase superfamily to control cell proliferation. This study assessed TOP2A and DUSP6 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients for association with chemoradiotherapy responses and prognosis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 140 Chinese patients with histologically confirmed NSCLC were enrolled and subjected to genotyping of TOP2A rs471692 and DUSP6 rs2279574 using Taqman PCR. An independent sample t test was used to analyze differences in tumor regression after radiotherapy versus SNP risk factors. Kaplan-Meier curves analyzed overall survival, followed by the log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard models.
RESULTS: There were no significant associations of TOP2A rs471692 and DUSP6 rs2279574 polymorphisms or clinicopathological variables with response to chemoradiotherapy (p>0.05). Comparing overall survival of 87 patients with stage I–III NSCLC treated with radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy to clinicopathological variables, the data showed that tumor regression, weight loss, clinical stage, and cigarette smoking were independent prognostic predictors (p=0.009, 0.043, 0.004, and 0.025, respectively). Tumor regression rate >0.34 was associated with patent survival versus tumor regression rate ≤0.34 (p=0.007).
CONCLUSIONS: TOP2A rs471692 and DUSP6 rs2279574 SNPs were not associated with chemoradiotherapy response, whereas tumor regression, weight loss, clinical stage, and cigarette smoking were independent prognostic predictors for these Chinese patients with NSCLC.

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