eISSN: 1643-3750


Get your full text copy in PDF

Agonists of peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor-α (clofibrate and WY14643) reduce renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in the rat.

Ahila Sivarajah, Prabal K. Chatterjee, Yoshiyuki Hattori, Paul AJ. Brown, Keith N. Stewart, Zoran Todorovic, Helder Mota-Filipe, Christoph Thiemermann

Med Sci Monit 2002; 8(12): BR532-539

ID: 4815

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of peroxisome-proliferator activated receptor-alpha (PPAR-alpha) agonists, clofibrate and WY14643 on the renal dysfunction and injury caused by bilateral ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) of rat kidneys in vivo. MATERIAL/METHODS: Male Wistar rats were anesthetized with sodium thiopentone (120 mg/kg i.v.) and subjected to bilateral renal ischemia (45 min) followed by reperfusion (6 h). Serum and urinary biochemical indicators of renal dysfunction and injury were measured; serum creatinine (sCr, glomerular dysfunction), fractional excretion of Na+ (FENa, tubular dysfunction), and urinary N-acetyl-b-D-glucosaminidase (uNAG, tubular injury). Additionally, renal sections were used for histological grading of renal injury and for RT-PCR analysis of the expression of PPAR-isoforms in kidneys obtained from rats prior to or after I/R. In addition, expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) was determined using Northern blot analysis. RESULTS: Using RT-PCR, we document here the expression of PPAR-alpha, PPAR-beta and PPAR-gamma1 (but not PPAR-gamma2) in the kidney of the rat. I/R resulted in the down-regulation of PPAR-alpha without modulation of any other PPAR. Clofibrate and WY14643 significantly reduced the increases in sCr, FENa and uNAG caused by renal I/R, indicating attenuation of renal dysfunction and injury. Expression of ICAM-1 caused by I/R of the kidney was not modulated by PPAR-alpha agonists. CONCLUSIONS: We show here that (i) renal I/R results in the down-regulation of PPAR-alpha in the kidney, and (ii) that the PPAR-alpha agonists clofibrate and WY14643 reduce the renal dysfunction and injury associated with I/R of the kidney.

This paper has been published under Creative Common Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) allowing to download articles and share them with others as long as they credit the authors and the publisher, but without permission to change them in any way or use them commercially.
I agree